The War of Art (2002) describes the internal war against the “resistance” that any creative person must engage in in order to deliver their art, and achieve their true potential.
- Bullet Summary
- Real Life Applications
- Everyone is afraid. The secret is running towards that fear
- Focus on your work, process and skills. Let the results be a byproduct
- Let your dream drive you, yes, but focus on the process mostly. Day in day out, commit to your craft
About The Author: Steven Pressfield is a writer and author. He prides himself on having struggled before eventually making it, and now he teaches others how to do the same.
The War of Art: The Resistance
What’s the resistance in The War of Art?
Have you ever struggled to start what you wanted to start? Maybe a business, maybe a creative endeavor, maybe expressing a difficult opinion?
That’s the resistance.
When Does the Resistance Kick In?
The resistance hates anything new and risky. This means the resistance kicks in every time we do something outside of the ordinary.
How Does the Resistance Stop You?
The resistance has many sneaky ways to keep you “safe”… And away from your dreams. Some of the include:
- Fear of failure
- Self doubt
How to Beat the Resistance & Do Art
Steven Pressfield proposes a few ways we can beat the resistance and ship our art:
- Always refocus on your dreams instead of your fears
- Fully commit yourself to your art (treat it like a full time job)
- Accept that doing art also entails waging war against the resistance
- Embrace your fear: fear shows you the way
- Stay persistent and organized in the face of fear and resistance
Fear shows you the way you need to run towards
Following Your Passion
We have been seeing a few different takes when it comes to passion:
- Cal Newport in So Good They Can’t Ignore You says you develop your passion.
- Robert Greene in Mastery and Angela Duckworth in Grit say instead that you first start with something you’re interested in, and then develop your passion over time.
Steven Pressfield in The War of Art takes a different approach.
He says instead that you already have a passion within you. It’s that thing that you really love doing, or that thing you wish you had done.
Pressfield says that the fear coming from the resistance is also an indicator that something is your dream. If you are afraid of failing at it, it’s because you care about it.
And if you care about it, you should run towards it.
The Unlived Life
The author says we live two separate lives: the life we’re actually living and the unlived life of our unrealized dreams.
It’s the resistance that is stopping you from embracing the unlived life or your dreams.
And if you let the resistance win, you will never live a fulfilling life.
Fight the Resistance Like a Professional
The best way to fight the resistance is to treat your dream like a professional.
Treating your dreams like a professional means that you don’t work on it for a few hours here and there, in hiss and fits. It means that you make it your main goal in life to pursue your dream.
You immerse yourself in it, you live it and breathe it.
Even if you have a main 9 to 5 job you can still treat your dream like a professional if you do everything in your power to move ahead towards your dream.
How to Be a Professional
Being a professional also means:
- Knowing yourself (your strengths and your limits)
- Delegating (get on board people with complementary talents)
- Keep learning and growing
The best of the best keep learning and growing even when they’re already at the top, like Tiger Woods and Madonna.
Focus on Process
Steven Pressfield recommends you don’t focus on the goal and reach it as quickly as possible. That might lead you to set unrealistic goals and get discouraged along the way.
Instead, focus on the process. Pace yourself, ration your work, and execute it, day in and day out.
The Obstacles Mindsets
Instead of seeing obstacles as impediments towards your goals, learn to see them as opportunities to get closer to your goals.
You will certainly face challenges, and each challenge you overcome is one step closer to your goals.
Artists Battle Hierarchies
I loved this part.
The author says that hierarchies are everywhere, and most people allow the hierarchies to define them and dictate their lives.
Hierarchies all oppose change and try to “pressure you” into a determined role.
Professional artists, thus must battle externally imposed hierarchies to stay true to their art and craft.
To learn more about hierarchies, freedom, personal power and social dynamics also read:
Focus on Art, Not What People Want
I’ve been reading a lot on copywriting recently.
I loved most of those books (Web Copy That Sells first and foremost), but one thing they all had in common which I didn’t like, was that they all recommend you write for your readers.
I like the opposite approach instead.
Write what you like and your readers will auto-select themselves.
Which is the same approach Steven Pressfield takes in The War of Art.
He says that instead of focusing on trying to guess what people want, professional artists focus on their art. Like Steve Jobs or Elon Musk.
Or the writer Rainer Maria Rilke, who recommended you write for yourself and your art will be much better.
Pick a Territory And Specialize
Pick a Territory in Pressfield’s work is not just a physical territory -like, he says, the gym for Schwazznegger-, but a field where you can keep growing.
It can be computing or film-making like Woody Allen.
This concept is similar to The One Thing, which basically recommends you focus on one thing in your life.
Real Life Applications
Run Towards Fear
Whenever you want to do something you are passionate about, it’s only natural you will be afraid.
The amateur thinks he will conquer fear and then do it. The professional knows he has to sit with the fear. Understand that fear only provides confirmation that you should do it.
Make Your Dream Your Full-Time Job
Keep chasing your dream with full dedication and unending perseverance.
Shun The Critics (and look in the mirror)
Those who are the meanest in their criticism are the ones who haven’t expressed themselves yet. This is a concept very similar to Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations.
And it’s the same when we criticize others too vehemently. Look at yourself first. Are you not expressing yourself enough? Are you not going after what really matters and what you really love?
- Some Nonsense Self-Help
On his website Pressfield says that talent means nothing (yeah, sure).
And that all is about work.
This is typical empty self-help that sells so well by telling people what they want to hear. But it doesn’t really tell the truth.
Also see: self-help myths.
- The War of Art?
I don’t really like this name.
It’s confusing with The Art of War by Sun Tzu. And I also don’t like this idea of “war against the resistance”.
Guys, don’t make the monster bigger than it is.
- Some Woo-woo “Science”
In the third part, The War of Art goes a bit off the rails describing how artists are a manifestation of the divine.
It’s an interesting point of view, but I don’t particularly appreciate it. And it sounds elitist. Why are artists the conduit of the divine and not welders, sportsmen, and employees?
He goes into some further woo-woo “science” with the ego and the relation between illnesses and embracing our own real self.
The more rationals among you will probably also not love that part. And you’d have a point, in my opinion.
The War of Art nails it both when it comes to the resistance and how to beat it and ship your art.
I won’t list all the pros here because they are too many.
“The War of Art” goes a bit woo-woo in the last part but it’s overall an awesome, awesome book.
It’s one of those rare books that can combine inspirational content with potentially life-changing information.
I thought it was quite similar to Seth Godin’s Linchipn, and then I realized that Seth Godin wrote his book later and together with Pressfield.
Anyway, I can definitely recommend it if you’re trying to achieve something with your life.
I demoted it from 5 stars to 4 stars because the advice is somewhat common in self-help and because of the “woo-woo” part.
Still a top-notch book though, and probably my N.1 recommendation for aspiring artists.